Douglas MacArthur (January 26, 1880 – April 5, 1964) was an American general and medal of honor recipient, who was Supreme Commander of Allied forces in the South West Pacific Area during World War II. He led the defense of Australia, and the recapture of New Guinea, the Philippines and Borneo. He was poised to invade Japan in November 1945 but instead accepted their surrender on September 2, 1945. MacArthur oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951 and is credited for making far-ranging democratic changes in that country. He led UN forces defending South Korea against a North Korean invasion in 1950-511. MacArthur was relieved of command by President Harry S. Truman in April 1951 for public disagreements with Truman's policies.
Young Brig. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, standing outside a military headquarters in France in 1918.
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