Josiah Thomas Walls (1842-1905) was a United States Congressman who served three separate terms in Congress between 1871 and 1876.
Josiah Walls was born a slave near Winchester, Virginia. He was forced to join the Confederate Army and was captured by the Union Army in 1862 at Yorktown. He voluntarily joined the United States Colored Troops in 1863 and rose to the rank of corporal. He was discharged in Florida and settled in Alachua County.