Saturday, November 28, 2009
Richard Nathaniel Wright (September 4, 1908 – November 28, 1960) was an American author of novels, short stories and non-fiction.
Wright, the grandson of slaves, was born on a plantation in Roxie, Mississippi, a tiny town located about 22 miles east of Natchez, in Franklin County. Wright's family soon moved to Memphis, Tennessee. While in Memphis, his father Nathaniel, a former sharecropper, abandoned them. Wright, his brother, and mother Ella, a schoolteacher, soon moved to Jackson, Mississippi, to live with relatives. In Jackson, Wright grew up and attended public high school. Here, he formed some of his most lasting early impressions of American racism before eventually moving back to Memphis in 1927, where he became acquainted with the works of such literary figures as H. L. Mencken.
Read Richard Wright's file from the FBI, which investigated Wright due to his membership in the Communist Party.